Teaching in British Columbia offers a diverse landscape with distinct roles and responsibilities for educators, primarily categorized into elementary and secondary school teachers. This comprehensive overview delves into the core aspects of teaching at these levels, shedding light on the subjects taught, student age groups, and fundamental differences between elementary and secondary education.


Elementary School Teachers:

Elementary school teachers in BC are entrusted with laying the foundational groundwork for a child’s educational journey. Their roles encompass a broad spectrum of subjects, with a focus on delivering a well-rounded education in French.

  • Subjects Taught in French: Elementary teachers cover a wide range of subjects, imparting knowledge and skills in various disciplines using the French language as a medium.
  • Engagement with Young Learners: Working with students from kindergarten through grades 5-7 (ages 10-12), elementary teachers nurture and guide young minds, providing them with the fundamental building blocks of education.
  • Foundational Education: They play a pivotal role in instilling core academic, social, and emotional skills crucial for students’ future academic pursuits.

Secondary School Teachers:

On the other hand, secondary school teachers in BC specialize in specific subjects, offering in-depth expertise and guidance in their chosen fields.

  • Subject Specialization in French: Secondary teachers focus on teaching specific subjects in French, providing students with advanced knowledge and a deeper understanding of their chosen areas of study.
  • Teaching Older Students: Working with students in grades 8-12 (ages 13-18), secondary teachers cater to the academic and developmental needs of adolescents, preparing them for higher education or vocational pathways.
  • Advanced Subject Expertise: They offer a more specialized and advanced curriculum, fostering critical thinking, analytical skills, and subject-specific knowledge tailored to students’ interests and career aspirations.

Middle School Option:

Certain school districts in BC offer a middle school option, providing a transitional educational environment tailored for students in grades 6-8 (ages 11-14). This model bridges the gap between elementary and secondary education, offering a unique learning environment during the critical pre-adolescent years.


Understanding these distinctions between elementary and secondary teaching roles in British Columbia is crucial for aspiring educators. Whether fostering the curiosity of young learners or guiding older students towards academic excellence, teachers in BC play a vital role in shaping the educational landscape and nurturing the future leaders of tomorrow.